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A Sprinkle of Salty Fun in Saltwater Aquarium

Having a saltwater aquarium can be fun and rewarding or can be upsetting if a person lacks knowledge on the proper and right ways of taking care of fish especially in the saltwater aquarium.

Setting up one requires some equipment to be used for the success of your saltwater aquarium. Filters and air pump are some of the most important facilities. Some decorations can be added such as sand and gravels, which sometimes varies in different colors. You can also include plastic or real plants, castle or miniatures ship and other fancy decorations in the aquarium, but just be very careful that it won’t clutter inside. Light is also essential in saltwater aquarium for the enhancement of the color of the aquarium and especially the fishes survival.

Saltwater aquarium requires three types of filtration. One is the Biological filtration, which involves the removal of the bacteria, which is often created by the fish on its activities, and processes that it undergoes inside the tank. Second, the chemical filtration that is more on the removing of the discoloration and chemicals on the water that harms the fish inside the tank. Third, is the mechanical filtration, which deals more with the removal of the visible materials floating on the aquarium such as uneaten fish foods, wastes of the fishes and other squanders floating or at the bottom of the saltwater aquarium, and this job is commonly done by the net.

There are many considerations regarding the proper ways in keeping the fish alive in a saltwater aquarium, unlike freshwater aquariums; saltwater aquarium is more difficult to set up. One very good example is mixing saltwater. We must remember that water evaporates while the salt is left, which means that the salinity of the water on the tank always varies, which can cause harm especially on the fishes inside the aquarium. A hydrometer may help you track the salinity of the water and add some salt to get the right salinity content of the water.

Beginners can set up their saltwater aquarium depending on what they like. You can just put fish only in the aquarium, or fish with full reef ambience, or whatever design you want, as long as it you make sure that the fish inside the aquarium would be able to survive.

Experienced aquarists and experts say that we must always find the perfect place for the aquarium in the house. If the location of your saltwater aquarium is always struck by sunlight, it may result to changes on the temperature of the water on the tank and would produce more algae due to the sun and its UV rays, which may harm your fish inside the aquarium.

fish in an aquarium

Aquarium Plants: One of the Best Ornaments in an Aquarium

Everybody understands the reason why most plants can be seen in many aquariums. Healthy plants and their lush are beautiful to look at when they are in an aquarium. They also create a natural setting in the aquarium.

Most of the fishes feel secure, less stressed and safe whenever they have plants to hide in. Some species of fish do not survive in an aquarium without any plants.

Aquarium plants will not only give the fishes a helpful shelter and make your aquarium look attractive but they can maintain the quality of the water as well. Plants and fish both exist on the wild and they will surely match well in your aquarium.

The wastes discharged by the fish contain compounds that are useful for the plant’s nutrition. Therefore, the organic wastes can be contained in the plants instead of seeing them float in the water. The plants must be pruned regularly and the dead parts must be eliminated from the aquarium ASAP.

Not only that, the aquarium plants will also provide a shelter to many micro organisms which are useful for the ecology and environment of the aquarium. In addition, plants have also the capacity to inhabit the growth of ugly algae since algae and plants compete for similar nutrients.

Most species of fish will never reproduce in an aquarium without plants. This is because some species need plants for them to feel secured enough to reproduce, while other species need the leaves of the plants to place their eggs in. An abundantly planted aquarium will also enhance the survival growth of the fry especially if you want to increase the number of fry in a similar aquarium like with the adult fish.

However, we all know that plants rely too much to light and photosynthesis. An aquarium with no plants will only need little. But if you are planning to have an abundant number of plants in your aquarium, you will be required to put new lights. A fluorescent light will be better to your planted aquarium, make sure that they are made especially for aquariums.

If you are a beginner, the plant species that will be suitable for you are the Java Moss and the Java Fern. These are strong plants that can survive in water hardiness and pH values. They can even be placed in a brackish aquarium like the Molly aquarium.

Aquarium plants are very important to the survival of most fishes in the aquarium. It does not matter what aquarium plant you choose, the important thing is you know how to maintain your aquarium as naturally as the fishes and plants habitat.

Common Mistakes in Setting Up New Home Aquarium

Common Mistakes in Setting Up New Home Aquarium

No matter what type of aquarium hobbyist you are, here are the most common mistakes you can commit when you are about to set-up your new home aquarium. These mistakes can be prevented if you have enough knowledge.

Over feeding

Unconsumed fish flakes and other food particles are accumulated at the bottom of the tank, producing nitrates thus overloading the water filter.

Without the full understanding and knowledge of the nutritional needs of your fish, there is the tendency to feed your fish to satisfy their needs. If they are not eating the food you have sprinkled, most people will add more food, with the notion that the fish are not noticing them. You should feed the fishes twice per day. However, there are fishes that need special feeding requirements, so it will be safe to check first. You should also know what are the components of the food you are giving your fish by contrasting the nutrients in the market foods.

Haste Moving

Patience, aside from being a “virtue,” is a requirement with setting up your home aquarium. Too many people have committed the mistake of doing things fast and as a result, they have encountered certain problems.  It is better to study first the things you need to know about the aquarium set up you are planning and carefully strategize your tasks.

Overloading the aquarium

A conflict that comes with moving in haste is stuffing too much fish and things into the aquarium all at the same time, particularly in an aquarium that is not yet totally cycled, or has just completed the biological cycle. Even in a properly set-up aquarium, placing too much “residents” can cause a problem called “new tank syndrome,” wherein the fish and other organisms are satiated with the new environment. You should do things slowly but surely. Home aquariums, particularly saltwater aquariums are not an urgent task, so take it easy pal.

Insufficient Filtration and Circulation System

Having enough water filtration is very important to successfully maintain an aquarium. There are different methods of filtration systems you can use, but not using the correct filter choice for the biological capacity designed for your aquarium can cause some problems. It is better to have more filtration system than being insufficient.

This same method applies to water circulation in the fish tank. Insufficient water flow all throughout the system can cause some problems with oxygenation that accumulates slime or other kinds of unnecessary things inside the aquarium. To solve this slimy problem, you can add a power head or a surge device.

Buying Animals without Having Enough Information about Them

It never stops to amaze us how we select new residents for our aquarium without having enough information such as what they are, and how to take care and feed them. Before you buy anything from the pet store, you should take some time to do research. You should not purchase on sudden impulse because you like the colorful fins of a tropical fish, how funny it looks, or for other reasons.

Animal incompatibility

Problems such as my lion fish ate my baby gold fish, my janitor fish won’t get along with the fighting fish, and similar situations are very frequent. Buying animals without having enough information about their social behavior can lead to injury or worse, fatality.